Create a Pollinator Garden
When you plant a pollinator garden to attract bees, butterflies, moths, and hummingbirds, it will help these pollinators flourish and ensure natural plant biodiversity. One in every three bites of food depends on pollinators.
Pollinators are attracted to flowers based on a variety of different characteristics, including:
- Colour and scent
- Amount of nectar and pollen
- Shape of the flower
Tips for your pollinator garden:
- Provide a habitat for pollinators. Exposed soil, standing litter, food plants for different life stages and a place to overwinter are all important.
- Provide a water source for pollinators to stay hydrated. Shallow water dishes with stones are perfect.
- Pesticides are a major threat to insect pollinators. Avoid using them anywhere in your yard.
- Flowers clustered in groups of at least 1 metre in diameter are more attractive to pollinators than flowers that are scattered throughout the garden.
- A succession of flowering plants that last from spring through fall will support a range of bee and pollinator species.
- If you do not have space to create a new garden, try incorporating plants into your existing gardens.
- Consider adding flowering fruit trees such as plums, applies and cherries. Other trees such as lindens, maydays, poplars and willows will attract pollinators as well.
- Talk to your local greenhouse to see what plants and trees will thrive in Leduc conditions.
What to plant
- Flowers of different shapes will attract different types of pollinators.
- Flowers with bright colours, like blue, purple and yellow, are attractive to native pollinators.
- White flowers that have a strong scent are attractive, especially to night-time pollinators like moths and flies.
Native plants are often the best option, but old-fashioned or heirloom non-native varieties of plants and herbs can also be quite beneficial.
|Late Spring to Early Summer:|
|Bachelor's Button||Basil||Black-eyed Suan||Gaillardia|
|Black-eyed Susan||This prairie stunner has bright yellow leaves and dark centres. It is also a preferred nectar source of the Poweshiek skipperling, an endangered tall grass prairie butterfly.|
|Wood Lily||Eye-catching orange blooms are a favourite of hummingbirds. Don't dig them out from the roadside - go find a reputable native plan greenhouse.|
|Wild Bergamont||Pretty purple flowers with an amazing scent (and the leaves smell great, too). Bergamont is an all-around good source of nectar for bees, butterflies and humminbirds.|
|Canada Goldenrod||A late summer bloomer that is a favourite of bees in local gardens. Goldenrod can also attract native aphids, which bring a vareity of other beneficial insects to eat them, including ladybugs.|
|Speedwell||This gard version is native to Europe. When they are in bloom, they are covered with bees all day long. When using non-native old-fashioned plants in your garden, make sure they are not invasive in your area.|
|Aster Family||Bees and butterflies alike love these plants!|
|Milkweed Family||These flowers are frequented by butterflies and are very pretty. Low milkweed is a variety common to the Edmonton area.|
|Sunflowers||They come in a huge variety of sizes and colours. A favourite is the prairie sunflower.|
|Cherry Trees||These are a great early season nectar source for bees. A flowering cherry tree in your yard can attract hundreds of bees at a time!|